- The LORD would speak
to Moses face to face, as a man speaks with his friend. Then Moses would
return to the camp, but his young aide Joshua son of Nun did not leave
- Moses said to the
LORD, "You have been telling me, 'Lead these people,' but you have
not let me know whom you will send with me. You have said, 'I know you
by name and you have found favor with me.'
- If you are pleased
with me, teach me your ways so I may know you and continue to find
favor with you. Remember that this nation is your people."
- The LORD replied, "My Presence
will go with you, and I will give you rest."
Commentary from the Faith Connection, P.37: God’s
people had decided an image of God was more real than God himself. They began
worshiping an idol in the form of a golden calf (Exodus 32:1-6). While Moses
was away talking to God on the mountain, Israel had grown impatient and
fearful about life. Desperate for someone or something to lead them, they
imagined an idol was their leader.
God knew how damaging Israel’s actions were and responded
appropriately. He punished the ringleaders as well as those who went
along for the ride (Exodus 32:7-35). But worst of all, God decided He would
not continue with people who did not trust Him (Exodus 33:1-6). God would
stay in touch with Moses.
Being on your own can sound good, but it is actually a recipe for
disaster. We need God in our lives. No one else in life brings
out the best in us like God. No one else can give us “rest,” a reprieve from
stress, like God (v. 14).
That is why the promise of God’s presence is such
good news in these verses. Moses knew he could not make it
without God. So he prayed, “If you are pleased with me, teach me your ways so
that I may know you and continue to find favor with you”
(v. 13). Moses longed for God’s presence. He knew that he needed
God’s personalized instruction if he was ever to make it to the Promised
14 reads, “The Lord replied, ‘My
presence will go with you, and I will give you rest.’ Do you believe that this is a timeless
promise of God that is just as true today as it was in the time of the
2. The Distinction of God’s Presence:
Exodus 33:15-17, 15 Then Moses said
to him, "If your Presence does not go with us, do not send us up from
here. 16 How will anyone know that you are pleased with me
and with your people unless you go with us? What else will distinguish me and
your people from all the other people on the face of the earth?" 17
And the LORD said to Moses, "I will do the very thing you have asked,
because I am pleased with you and I know you by name."
Commentary from the Faith Connection: Everyone
has a unique life story. Israel certainly did. No one else had stories of
ancestors like Abraham, Jacob, and Joseph. Certainly none could claim a
miraculous deliverance from slavery in Egypt like Israel. In addition, their
laws and customs as well as their belief in only one God stood out among
peoples of the ancient world.
Yet as unique as Israel’s story and
lifestyle were, something else set them apart even more. The presence of
God living in their midst set them apart from the rest of the world. The most
distinctive characteristic of Israel was God.
Moses knew this. So he
asked, “What else will distinguish me and your people from all the other
people on the face of the earth?”
(v. 16). The answer to this question was simply, what marks God’s people is
the person of God. It is not so much how or where they live, the food they
eat, or the clothes they wear. Good people can be found all over this world,
people who help others, sacrifice for them, and otherwise live model lives.
But the presence of God truly marks the people of God as different
from all others. “Christ in you,” Paul said, characterizes those
who follow God.
Is there any difference between a good
person/good people and the presence of God dwelling among a person/people?
What might those differences be?
3. The Weight of God’s Presence Ex.33:18-23, 18 Then Moses said, "Now show me your
glory." 19 And
the LORD said, "I will cause all my goodness to pass in front of
you, and I will proclaim my name, the LORD, in your presence. I will have
mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on
whom I will have compassion，20 But," he said, "you cannot see my face,
for no one may see me and live."21 Then the LORD said, "There is a place near me
where you may stand on a rock. 22 When my glory passes by, I will put you in a cleft in
the rock and cover you with my hand until I have passed by. 23 Then I will remove my hand and you will see my back;
but my face must not be seen."
was to see the manifest glory of God. He wanted assurance of God’s presence
with him, Aaron, and Joshua, and also he desired to know that presence
experientially. Because we are finite and morally Imperfect, we cannot exist
and see God as he is. To see God’s back means we can only see where God
has passed by. We can only know
him by what he does and how he acts. We cannot comprehend God as he really is
apart from Jesus Christ (John 14:9) Jesus promised to show himself to those who
believe (John 14:21&Commentary from NIV
4. Point: The sense of God’s personal name is probably nowhere better
summarized than in Exodus 33:19. the LORD said, "I will cause all my
goodness to pass in front of you, and I will proclaim my name, the LORD, in
your presence. I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have
compassion on whom I will have compassion. God is all mercy, all compassion, offering
God presence brings “rest” to His people according
to verse 14. This word can describe a camel
unburdening its load after a long journey or a laborer relaxing following a
God works in and through our lives, what are the ways that others can see
God’s presence with us? Close in a prayer of thankfulness for God’s presence with us.
上帝的子民相信和以為人造的神，遠超過真正的上帝。當摩西上山與上帝交談時以色列百姓沒有忍耐心等待而且焦慮就為自己鑄了一隻牛犢、向他下拜獻祭、說、以色列阿、這就是領你出埃及地的神。(出 32:1-6). 上帝知道以色列人的行為錯了，上帝處罰那暴動之首和其同工 (出32:7-35)。上帝決定不要繼續和不信任祂的人 (出33:1-6)。但上帝決定繼續與摩西聯繫但其他的人自行。
這就自行聽來是自由，其實是危險的，生活中我們需要上帝。在我們的生命中沒有人能與祂相比帶給我們最好的禮物。在壓力時也沒有人能讓我們能如上帝般的給享有 “安息” 。(第14節)
是上帝在第14節的應許同在是何等的好消息。摩西知道沒有上帝他是不能成就的。所以摩西禱告說， “若在你眼前蒙恩、求你將你的道指示我、使我可以認識你、好在你眼前蒙恩． (13節)” 。摩西渴望上帝之同在。他知道要去應許之地需要上帝親自指導才能達到目的地。
上帝同在的區別: 出埃及 33:15-17
摩西說、求你顯出你的榮耀給我看。就不要把我們從這裡領上去。就不要把我們從這裡領上去。16, "人在何事上得以知道我和你的百姓、在你眼前蒙恩呢、豈不是因你與我們同去、使我和你的百姓、與地上的萬民有分別麼?" 17, 耶和華對摩西說、你這所求的我也要行、因為你在我眼前蒙了恩、並且我按你的名認識你."
“信心連繫”的解經: 每個人有獨一的生命故事，以色列人也不例外。沒有人的故事像亞伯拉罕，雅各和約瑟的始祖。特別的是沒有人聲言 奇蹟如以色列人從奴隸中被釋放 出埃及的真實故事。除此以外，他們的律法和習俗配合其相信只有獨一的上帝為我們世界的始祖站立。
"人在何事上得以知道我和你的百姓、在你眼前蒙恩呢、豈不是因你與我們同去、使我和你的百姓、與地上的萬民有分別麼?" (第16節)” 。回答這問題是很簡單。上帝的子民並非大不同於住何處，或吃，或穿不同。上帝的子民在世界各地都可找到，如樂於助人，為別人犧牲，和其他如有好模範。但是有上帝同在的子民是與群眾不同的。保羅說有耶穌基督同在的性格，跟隨上帝同在的人事與眾不同的。
3. 上帝同在的勢力 Ex.33:18-23， 18 摩西說、求你顯出你的榮耀給我看。19 耶和華說、我要顯我一切的恩慈、在你面前經過、宣告我的名．我要恩待誰、就恩待誰．要憐憫誰、就憐憫誰。
摩西說、求你顯出你的榮耀給我看。22 耶和華說、我要顯我一切的恩慈、在你面前經過、宣告我的名．我要恩待誰、就恩待誰．要憐憫誰、就憐憫誰。23 又說、你不能看見我的面、因為人見我的面不能存活。23 然後我要將我的手收回、你就得見我的背、卻不得見我的面。
摩西求上帝顯出祂的榮耀。他想得到上帝與他同在的確據，在亞倫與約書亞等人中間，摩西渴望能有親眼看到上帝榮面的經歷。因為我們是有限的，是血肉之軀，道德上又不完全，所以如果見到上帝本體的真相，跟本不能存活。看見祂的背影，是指只能看見祂經過而言。我們只能藉祂的行為，並祂行事的法則而認識祂。唯獨藉由耶穌基督，才能真正完全認識祂 (參約14:9)。耶穌應許要向信祂的人顯現 (參約翰 14:21)。
4. 總論: 上帝的名字最好的解釋是跟據 出埃及記. 33章19 節，上帝說， “我要顯我一切的恩慈、在你面前經過、宣告我的名．我要恩待誰、就恩待誰．要憐憫誰、就憐憫誰。” 因此，神的同在使你得安息。要親近上帝33章14 節，上帝說， “我必親自和你同去、使你得安息。”例如駱駝在長途行走後放下牠背上的重擔而休息，吾人也必在一周工作後休息與主同慶。