How deserted lies the city, once so full
of people! How like a widow is she, who once was great among the nations!
She who was queen among the provinces has now become a slave.
Bitterly she weeps at night, tears are
upon her cheeks. Among all her lovers there is none to comfort her. All her
friends have betrayed her; they have become her enemies.
After affliction and harsh labor, Judah has gone into exile.
She dwells among the nations; she finds no resting place. All who pursue
her have overtaken her in the midst of her distress.
The roads to Zion mourn, for no one comes
to her appointed feasts. All her gateways are desolate, her priests groan,
her maidens grieve, and she is in bitter anguish.
Her foes have become her masters; her
enemies are at ease. The LORD has brought her grief because of her many
sins. Her children have gone into exile, captive before the foe.
All the splendor has departed from the
Daughter of Zion. Her princes are like
deer that find no pasture; in weakness they have fled before the pursuer.
In the days of her affliction and
wandering Jerusalem remembers all the
treasures that were hers in days of old. When her people fell into enemy
hands, there was no one to help her. Her enemies looked at her and laughed
at her destruction.
Jerusalem has sinned greatly and
so has become unclean. All who honored her despise her, for they have seen
her nakedness; she herself groans and turns away.
Her filthiness clung to her skirts; she
did not consider her future. Her fall was astounding; there was none to
comfort her. "Look, O LORD, on my affliction, for the enemy has triumphed."
Commentary from NIV:P.1642
1:1 This is the prophet Jeremiah’s song of
sorrow for Jerusalem’s destruction. The nation of Judah had been utterly defeated, the temple destroyed, and captives taken
away to Babylon. Jeremiah’s tears were for the suffering and humiliation of the
people, but those tears penetrated even deeper into his heart. He wept
because God had rejected the people for their rebellious ways. Each year
this book was read aloud to remind all the Jews that their great city fell
because of their stubborn sinfulness.
1:2 The term lovers refers to nations such as Egypt, to whom Judah kept turning for help. As the Babylonians closed in on Jerusalem, the nation of Judah turned away from God and sought help and protection from other
1:9 The warning was loud and clear: If Judah played with fire, its people would get burned. Jerusalem foolishly took a chance and lost, refusing to believe that immoral
living brings God’s punishment. The ultimate consequence of sin is
punishment (Romans 6:23). We can choose to ignore
God’s warnings, but as surely as judgment came upon Jerusalem, so will it come upon those who defy God. Are you listening to God’s
Word? Are you obeying it? Obedience is a sure sign of your love for God.
B. The Suffering Sin Brings: Read Lamentations1:12-14
12"Is it nothing to you,
all you who pass by? Look around and see. Is any suffering like my
suffering that was inflicted on me, that the LORD brought on me in the day
of his fierce anger?
13 "From on high he sent
fire, sent it down into my bones. He spread a net for my feet and turned me
back. He made me desolate, faint all the day long.
14 "My sins have been
bound into a yoke ; by his hands they were woven together. They have come
upon my neck and the Lord has sapped my strength. He has handed me over to
those I cannot withstand.
The grieving widow acknowledged that
Jerusalem had fallen into the hands of an angry God. Although it
was the Babylonian army that besieged the city, it was God who was
responsible for the death of her warriors. It was God who caused the young
men and young women to be carried off into exile. The widow knew that they
suffered because of their own sins. They refused to keep the command-ments of their covenant with God.
God gave His laws so that people would learn
to live together in peace. Jesus healed the sick, opened the eyes of the
blind, and wept with those who had lost a loved one. We also should be
moved to respond compassionately by the needs of people.
C. God’s Response to Sin: Read Lamentations1:15-18
15"The Lord has rejected
all the warriors in my midst; he has summoned an army against me to crush
my young men. In his winepress the Lord has trampled the Virgin Daughter of
16"This is why I weep and
my eyes overflow with tears. No one is near to comfort me, no one to
restore my spirit. My children are destitute because the enemy has
stretches out her hands, but there is no one to comfort her. The LORD has
decreed for Jacob that his neighbors become his foes; Jerusalem
has become an unclean thing among them.
18 "The LORD is righteous,
yet I rebelled against his command. Listen, all you peoples; look upon my
suffering. My young men and maidens have gone into exile.
During the Middle Ages life was difficult.
There were the constant wars, short life spans, and no “social network” to
People want a God who is all forgiving and who
always helps us in difficult situations. Thankfully, God is patient with
us, not bringing judgment immediately, but extends mercy in order to bring us to repentance.
Jerusalem had many righteous persons, such
as Jeremiah, Baruch, and those who listened to the prophet’s words. Still
the city was taken by the Babylonians and even the righteous suffered. The
sins of the community brought destruction on all its residents.
The good news is that God not only forgives
us, as we walk with Jesus, the Holy Spirit guides us into peaceful paths
that avoid the consequences of sin. The question is, do we listen?
Questions: Old Saying, “Sin will always take
you farther than you wanted to go; sin will always keep you longer than you
wanted to stay; sin will cost you more than you intended to pay.”
there any reason, by what you read in this lament, to be hopeful for the future of God’s people? Why?
- 猶大因遭遇苦難、又因多服勞苦、就遷到外邦．他住在列國中、尋不著安息．追逼他的都 將他追上。
1:1 這卷書是耶利米為耶路撒冷滅亡所寫的哀歌。整個猶大被徹底的打敗，聖殿被摧毀，人民也被巴比倫人俘虜。耶利米為受苦難和被侮辱的人民哭泣，淚水透入他的心。他痛哭是因為上帝拋棄了那些背離祂的人。這哀歌每年都要大聲的朗誦給所有的猶太人聽，提醒他們，當年耶路撒冷的毀滅亡就是因為人民固執地犯罪所導致的。- 昔日繁華興盛，今日滿目瘡痍，此情此景，怎不令人哀泣呢？
1:9 這個警告不僅響亮而且清楚。如果猶大玩火必然自焚，但是猶大真的愈蠢地冒險並輸了。他們拒絕相信不道德的生活會導致上帝的懲罰，但犯罪的最終代價就是受懲罰 (參羅6:23)。我們可以選擇不顧上帝，但正如審判一定會降臨耶路撒冷一樣，它也會降到我們身上的。您聽從上帝的話嗎？服從上帝就是愛上帝的表現。
B. 罪帶來受苦： 耶利米哀歌 1:12-14
C. 上帝對罪的回應： 耶利米哀歌 1:15-18