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一個簡單的福音A Simple Gospel” 11/23/2019


[W.O.T.S.]
11/21/2019


Experiencing Power: Stories from the Early Church

Title: 一個簡單的福音A Simple Gospel 11/23/2019

經文Scriptures使徒行傳Acts 15:5-21

Worldwide Outreach Teaching School 

By Dr. Meiman Lai Saidi, Ph.D.賴美滿 校長

https://www.WorldwideOTS.org 

 

前言PREFACE: 我們確認所有的信靠僅有來自基督,以及所有其他的也必聯盟於祂。因此,轉向上帝是一種忠誠的信仰。We recognize that all faith comes from Christ alone and all else must be aligned to Him.  Therefore, turning to God is a matter of faith and faith alone.

 

上週Last Week我們已看到基督徒甚至於在遇到對抗之時,上帝對信者是如何的繼續進行祂的工作來保護。We saw how God continues His work to protect us through believers, even in the midst of opposition.

這週This Week我們將看到救贖的恩典之禮物是來自信耶穌基督。We will see  that the gift of salvation by grace comes through faith in Christ.

 

1.      救贖的故事1. The Salvation Story: Read Acts15:5-12讀經文:使徒行傳15:5-12:

5        惟有幾個信徒是法利賽教門的人、起來說、必須給外邦人行割禮、吩咐他們遵守摩西的律法。

5. Then some of the believers who belonged to the party of the Pharisees stood up and said, "The Gentiles must be circumcised and required to obey the law of Moses."

 

 

6.      使徒和長老、聚會商議這事。

7.      辯論已經多了、彼得就起來、說、諸位弟兄、你們知道 神早已在你們中間揀選了我、叫外邦人從我口中得聽福音之道、而且相信。

8.      知道人心的 神、也為他們作了見證.賜聖靈給他們、正如給我們一樣。

9.      又藉著信潔淨了他們的心、並不分他們我們。

10.  現在為甚麼試探 神、要把我們祖宗和我們所不能負的軛、放在門徒的頸項上呢。

11.  我們得救、乃是因主耶穌的恩、和他們一樣、這是我們所信的。

12.   眾人都默默無聲、聽巴拿巴保羅、述說 神藉他們在外邦人中所行的神蹟奇事

 

6.      The apostles and elders met to consider this question.

7.      After much discussion, Peter got up and addressed them: "Brothers, you know that some time ago God made a choice among you that the Gentiles might hear from my lips the message of the gospel and believe.  

8.      God, who knows the heart, showed that he accepted them by giving the Holy Spirit to them, just as he did to us.

9.      He made no distinction between us and them, for he purified their hearts by faith.

10.  Now then, why do you try to test God by putting on the necks of the disciples a yoke that neither we nor our fathers have been able to bear?

11.   No! We believe it is through the grace of our Lord Jesus that we are saved, just as they are.”12  The whole assembly became silent as they listened to Barnabas and Paul telling about the miraculous signs and wonders God had done among the Gentiles through them.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

解經:使徒行傳15:5-12

彼得講演之要點專住於上帝的作為。上帝有獨特的能力目睹人類的情況,給於非猶太教徒,全人類都同樣的有聖靈同在, 上帝給於非猶太教徒救贖的見證. 就如, 彼得說過 神是不偏待人(10:34), 上帝對待猶太人或非猶太教徒沒有分別,重複彼得所看到的, “神所潔淨的不可當作俗物” (10:15)

這位神, “認識我們的心,” 單獨以信心每人都得有救贖。彼得叮嚀每個人,救贖來自我們主耶穌的恩典,” 並與猶太教的律法無關。

 2.      從經文中證實: 使徒15:13-18,

他們住了聲、雅各就說、諸位弟兄、請聽我的話。方纔西門述說 神當初怎樣眷顧外邦人、從他們中間選取百姓歸於自己的名下。眾先知的話、也與這意思相合.正如經上所寫的、『此後我要回來、重新修造大衛倒塌的帳幕、把那破壞的、重新修造建立起來.叫餘剩的人、就是凡稱為我名下的外邦人、都尋求主.這話是從創世以來、顯明這事的主說的。』

 解經: 使徒15:13- 18

v.13, 這位雅各是耶穌的弟弟。他在耶路撒冷成為教會之領袖。他寫雅各書V.14, 西門就是彼得之別名雅各的領導團隊在耶路撒冷的教會中有顯明角色。有趣的,雅各僅有回應彼得的話,這堙A雅各介紹阿摩司書9:11-12,造成清楚又明白的說上帝的調停工作,使 大衛的倒榻帳幕重新修造 。若是上帝的百姓, 包括 猶太人或非猶太教徒都是彌賽亞掌權為王。

 3.輔導信實與同伴關係: 使徒15:19-21

所以據我的意見、不可難為那歸服 神的外邦人.

只要寫信、吩咐他們禁戒偶像的污穢和姦淫、並勒死的牲畜、和血。因為從古以來、摩西的書在各城有人傳講、每逢安息日、在會堂裡誦讀

 解經: 使徒15:19-21, 雅各認為外邦信徒不必遵守割禮,但他們應該禁戒偶像、姦淫、(拜偶像通常有這種行為) 及吃勒死的牲蓄和血(聖經有關血埵野糽R這個教訓,參考利未記17:14)。例如外邦信徒能禁戒不犯,他們便能得神喜悅,又能與猶太信徒融洽相處。這個和解方案使教會不會因為猶太人與外邦人之間的文化差異而阻礙到她的增長。當我們跨越文化和經濟界限去分享福音時,必須明白我們所定的信仰要求是神的要求,而非人的要求(參考聖經靈修版p.367)                                          4.結論:

1. 贖的故事: 使徒15:5-12,                恩典必經有信心 (See acts 15:9,11), 猶太人也接受了聖靈。上帝潔淨猶太人和非猶太人,和救贖他們。

 2. 從經文中證實: 使徒15:13-18,               耶穌的弟弟採用阿摩司書的第九章第十一和十二節引用在使徒行傳十五章的第十六和十七節, 他要求信主的人要跟隨以下兩點。如 1) 不吃拜過偶像之物,因為任何有與拜偶像關聯是對信主的人危險,因已犯了十誡之前二者。2) 吃帶有血的之食物是被忌的,因血是被獻祭了,是已供奉獻祭的一種重要部份。


 3. 輔導信實與同伴關係: 使徒15:19-21,

作為基督的跟隨者,意思是信耶穌,並且離開罪而在生活中轉向上帝。感謝上帝的恩典和和信實帶來信者之相聚。在基督徒之間請求輔導、恩典和助濟都有不同的經驗。

        

 

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Monterey Park, CA 91754-9998

Commentary: Acts: 15:5-12,

Peter’s brief comments focused on God’s actions.  God alone could discern the human condition so that, by giving Gentile believers the same Spirit given to others, God offered witness to God’s own redemptive work among the Gentiles. Thus, as Peter concluded before (10:34), God did not discriminate between Jews and non-Jews, recalls the voice in Peter’s vision, “Do not call anything impure that God has made clean” (10:15). This God, “who knows the heart,” cleansed their hearts by faith. Faith alone was the criterion for salvation. Peter reminded everyone that salvation came “through the grace of our Lord Jesus,” not through anything associated with the Jewish law.

 


2.Confirmation from Scripture:

    Acts 15:13-18, When they finished, James spoke up: "Brothers, listen to me. Simon has described to us how God at first showed his concern by taking from the Gentiles a people for himself.

The words of the prophets are in agreement with this, as it is written: " 'After this I will return and rebuild David's fallen tent. Its ruins I will rebuild, and I will restore it,

  that the remnant of men may seek the Lord, and all the Gentiles who bear my name, says the Lord, who does these things' that have been known for ages.

 

Commentary: Acts 15:13 - 18

v.13, This James is Jesus’ brother. He became the leader of church in Jerusalem and wrote the book of James. V.14, Simon is another name for Peter. James’ leadership in the Jerusalem church is obvious, given his role in the meeting. Interestingly, he only responded to Peter’s comments. James’ introduction to the quotation of Amos 9:11-12 makes it clear that he understood the passage to agree with God’s intervening actions. He interpreted “David’s fallen tent” as the people of God, comprised of both Jews and Gentiles, over whom the Messiah reigns as Lord.

 


3. Guidance for Faithfulness and Fellowship: Acts 15:19-21, "It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God. Instead we should write to them, telling them to abstain from food polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from the meat of strangled animals and from blood. For Moses has been preached in every city from the earliest times and is read in the synagogues on every Sabbath."

 


Commentary: Acts 15:19-21, James’s judgment was that Gentile believers did not have to be circumcised, but they should stay away from food polluted by idols, from sexual immorality (a common part of idol worship), and from eating meat of strangled animals and from consuming blood (reflecting the Biblical teaching that the life is in the blood-Leviticus 17:14). If Gentile Christians would abstain from these practices, they would please God and get along better with their Jewish brothers and sisters in Christ. Of course, there were other actions inappropriate for believers, but the Jews were especially concerned about these four. This compromise helped the church grow unhindered by the cultural differences of Jews and Gentiles. When we share our message across cultural and economic boundaries, we must be sure that the requirements for faith we set up are God’s, not people’s. (insert from N.I.V.p.2354)

 

 

    4.Conclusion:

1. The Salvation Story: Acts 15:5-12, Grace through faith (See acts 15:9,11), Gentiles received the Holy Spirit. Too. God purified both Jews and Gentiles and saved them. 

 

2. Confirmation from Scripture: 15:13-18,

    James, the brother of Jesus quoted Amos 9:11,12 in Acts 15:16,17. James ask Gentile believers to follow the as 1) do not eat the food offed to idols, because any association with idol worship put believers in danger of breaking the first 2 of the Ten Commandments.

    2) Eating blood was prohibited because blood was sacred and an important part of the sacrificial system.

 

3.      Guidance for Faithfulness and Fellowship:           Acts 15:19-21,

Being a follower of Christ means placing our faith in Christ alone-turning our backs on sin and turning our lives toward God. Thanking God for the grace and faith that brought believers together. Ask for guidance, grace, and charity in interactions with believers with different experiences.

 

 

Worldwide Outreach Teaching School 

  is a Non-profit Organization.    

  IRS Tax ID No.: 20-4097640  

  Your financial contribution is greatly appreciated 

   and it is used for glory of God.                 

      Address: WOTS, P.O. Box 1262                       Monterey Park, CA 91754-9998.

 

  

 

 

 


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